Millions of Europeans faced tough new coronavirus restrictions as governments stepped up efforts to slow the surge in infections, after the World Health Organization reported a “very concerning” 44% rise in European cases over one week.
From Saturday evening, Paris and several other French cities go under a night-time curfew that will last at least a month. England is banning mixed household gatherings in the capital and other areas, and Italy’s most populous region is limiting bar openings and suspending sports events.
The need for action in France was underlined as the country reported another record for new cases, with more than 32,000 registered in 24 hours.
Global cases of the disease, which has killed more than 1.1 million people around the world, have been soaring beyond levels seen in the first wave earlier this year, when many countries resorted to national lockdown to get control of the crisis.
As well as the death toll, the pandemic has wrought social and economic havoc across the world.
The United States, which has suffered the worst toll with more than 218,000 fatalities, on Friday revealed a record deficit of $3.1tn in the fiscal year ended September 30.
It also announced that the number of cases there had passed 8 million, while global daily infections also hit a new record.
In a bid to stem the worrying rise in infections and in the hope of heading off a return to full lockdowns, many governments have tightened measures to control the spread of the pandemic – even if some dissenters are fighting back in the courts.
About 20 million people in the Paris region and eight other French cities were facing a 9pm-6am curfew from Saturday after cases surged in what has once again become one of Europe’s major hotspots.
Many restaurant owners are unhappy at the hit their businesses will take.
“Closing at 9pm will have no effect (on the epidemic),” said Gerard, the manager of a Toulouse restaurant. “They’re not attacking it in the right way.”
Britain is the hardest-hit country in Europe, with over 43,000 deaths from almost 700,000 cases.
But as the government there ramped up restrictions, banning indoor meetings between members of different households in London and several other English cities, there was growing criticism from some quarters.
Under the new measures, about 28 million people – half of England’s population – are now subject to tight social restrictions.
Some officials in north-west England have objected to their cities being placed on the highest level of a new three-tier alert system.
The prime minister, Boris Johnson, has acknowledged that local restriction policies cannot be “pain free”.
But the hope is that these measures will be enough to head off another full lockdown. As cities enter new lockdowns, it’s time to rediscover the joys of walking | Matthew Beaumont
Northern Irelandmeanwhile shut down pubs and restaurants on Friday for a month and extended the school holidays.
Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel urged citizens to stay at home whenever possible after 7,830 cases emerged over 24 hours.
“What will determine winter and our Christmas will be decided in the weeks ahead,” she said in her weekly podcast address.
But on Friday, a Berlin court overturned an order for restaurants and bars to close early, the latest legal setback for efforts by Germany’s national and local governments to restrict coronavirus transmission.
In Italy, the wealthy northern region of Lombardy, worst hit by the first wave of the virus in February, has ordered all bars to shut at midnight.
Slovakia announced Saturday it would test everyone over 10 for the virus, as infections surged there.
“Testing will be free of charge,” prime minister Igor Matoviche told reporters in the country of 5.4 million people, without specifying whether it will be mandatory or voluntary.
Poland, the Czech Republic and Belgiumhave all announced daily record caseloads.
In the Czech Republic, the government has asked the army to set up a field hospital of 500 beds outside Prague.
Belgium will impose its own curfew, from midnight until 5am, from Monday, and will also shut cafes and restaurants for four weeks.
And Poland has closed schools and colleges in major cities while restaurants will have to close from 9pm.
In other developments:
- Austria, Slovenia and Hungary have all announced a surge in cases – in Slovenia, the compulsory wearing of masks in outdoor public spaces came into effect Saturday.
- The death toll in Iran has crossed the 30,000 mark, the health ministry announced Saturday.
- Israel is preparing to ease some lockdown restrictions from Sunday in the first phase of scaling back measures imposed last month.
- Saudi Arabia allowed its citizens and residents inside the kingdom to perform prayers in one of the most holy religious sites in Islam, Al-Haram mosque in Mecca, for the first time in seven months, state television reported early on Sunday.
- New Zealand, which has twice eliminated the virus, reported its first local case for 22 days.
- The French Collectivity of Wallis and Futuna in the South Pacific recorded its first case for the entire pandemic.